As it stands, these species are present in Texas in limited numbers or are confined to a few locations. The meetings have been set for 7 p. Zebra mussels are known to have caused alarming declines in populations of fish, birds and native mussel species and can damage boat hulls, plug water systems used in boat motors, air conditioners and heads.
ANS are invasive, non-native species that threaten the ecological integrity of aquatic ecosystems in Oklahoma. Boaters must remove all aquatic plant species and zebra mussels from boats, trailers and other gear prior to launching boats in state waters. No person shall transport shad from the following waters.
Burrosarmadillos, bluebonnets, and pecan trees are just a few examples of the diverse flora and fauna that one might come across in Texas. While some of these species have become a source of state prideothers are much less welcome. Over the past few decades, a coterie of invasive species has trespassed into the Lone Star State.
Bighead carp were first imported into the United States in by a private fish farmer in Arkansas as a potential biological control agent to improve water quality and increase fish production in culture ponds Conover et al This species has been recorded from Arizona in Tucson for the first time in L. Riley, pers. Early records from the s may have been misidentified as bigheads but were most likely Bighead x Grass carp hybrids P.
Several species of exotic Asian carp can be found in Texas waters. Some pose serious threats to our fisheries. Colorful varieties called koi may be seen in zoo ponds and botanical gardens.
The silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix is a species of freshwater cyprinid fisha variety of Asian carp native to China and eastern Siberia. By weight more silver carp are produced worldwide in aquaculture than any other species of fish except for the grass carp. Silver carp are usually farmed in polyculture with other Asian carpor sometimes with catla or other fish species.
For more information on the Invasive Species Act and Regulations visit www. Asian carps were brought from Asia to North America in the s and 70s. Since then they have migrated north through U.
Jump to navigation. Escapement from these aquaculture facilities occurred soon after importation and grass carp in the wild were first documented in the Mississippi River along Illinois in Since that time grass carp have rapidly spread to 45 states through the accidental and intentional, legal and illegal release by numerous state and federal agencies, private groups and individuals. Stocking of grass carp for control of aquatic vegetation was legalized in Oklahoma in the early 's.
Lake Texoma is an 88, acre reservoir formed by the impoundment of the Red River 4. It was impounded by the U. The watershed contains 39, square miles in southwestern Oklahoma and northcentral Texas, as well as much of the Texas panhandle and parts of eastern New Mexico.