Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. Environmental chemicals are one of the risk factors in breast cancer genesis.
By Gaia Vince. Preservative chemicals found in samples of breast tumours probably came from underarm deodorants, UK scientists have claimed. Their analysis of 20 breast tumours found high concentrations of para-hydroxybenzoic acids parabens in 18 samples.
Our ability to integrate information across platforms provided key insights into previously-defined gene expression subtypes and demonstrated the existence of four main breast cancer classes when combining data from five platforms, each of which shows significant molecular heterogeneity. Comparison of Basal-like breast tumors with high-grade Serous Ovarian tumors showed many molecular commonalities, suggesting a related etiology and similar therapeutic opportunities. The biologic finding of the four main breast cancer subtypes caused by different subsets of genetic and epigenetic abnormalities raises the hypothesis that much of the clinically observable plasticity and heterogeneity occurs within, and not across, these major biologic subtypes of breast cancer.
There are many types of breast cancer. The most common types are ductal carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, and invasive lobular carcinoma. The type of breast cancer is determined by the specific cells in the breast that are affected. Most breast cancers are carcinomas.
Breast cancer affects one in eight women in their lifetime. Though diet, age and genetic predisposition are established risk factors, the majority of breast cancers have unknown etiology. The human microbiota refers to the collection of microbes inhabiting the human body.
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Jan was diagnosed with Stage 4 breast cancer in June after undergoing a routine bone scan for an unrelated injury. A wife and mother, Jan described her initial diagnosis as a complete shock. A tumor is a mass of abnormal tissue.
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Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Risk factors for developing breast cancer include being female, obesitylack of physical exercise, drinking alcoholhormone replacement therapy during menopauseionizing radiationearly age at first menstruationhaving children late or not at all, older age, prior history of breast cancer, and family history. The balance of benefits versus harms of breast cancer screening is controversial.
Breast Cancer pp Cite as. Since many techniques in immunology, virology, biochemistry, and biophysics depend upon the availability of homogeneous populations of human tumor cells, the establishment of permanent homogeneous tumor cells lines is a useful approach in experimental human cancer research. However, the cultivation of human breast tumor cells remains a challenging problem.